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archaeology

Monument Town Description
Trepucó Maó Talayotic town
Torre d'en Gaumés Alaior Talayotic town
Torralba d'en Salort Alaior Talayotic town
Naveta des Tudons Ciutadella Talayotic town
Son Callar Ciutadella Talayotic town
Torretrencada Ciutadella Talayotic town
Torrellafuda
Ciutadella
Talayotic town
Cala Morell
Ciutadella
Talayotic town
Basílica des Fornàs
Maó
ITalayotic town
Basílica de Son Bou
Alaior
Century V a.C
Catedral de Menorca
Ciutadella
Gothic
Fort de Marlborough
Es Castell
Century XVIII
Torre de Fornells
Fornells (Es Mercadal)
Century XIX
Fortalesa de La Mola
Maó
Century XIX.
Castell de Sant Nicolau
Ciutadella
Century XVII
Pedreres de s'Hostal
Ciutadella
 

Human presence in Minorca has been verified from the beginning of the Bronze Age (2000 B.C.) that was called the pre-Talayotic period and it left important burial monuments such as megalithic tombs and the collective tombs known as navetas. The best known of these is the Naveta de Tudons. It also left small settlements made up of apse rooms.

Towards 1400 B.C., the evolutionary process of this culture produced various large stone constructions known as talayots. This word gives rise to the name of the richest prehistoric period of the island, namely, the Talayotic period.
At this time there was a great expansion of settlements like Trepucó, Torre d'en Galmés or Son Catlar. Each had a single monument of worship called a taula and scores of artificial caves excavated in the cliffs had necropolis characteristics, such as Calascovas o Cala Morell.

The indigenous culture, based fundamentally on cyclopean construction, soon received important outside influence from expanding merchant peoples, such as the Carthaginians who were already established in Ibiza and who above all were noted for introducing new tools and ornaments.

Finally, in 123 B.C., the Roman conquest occurred and this brought with it the transformation of the Talayotic settlements and the preponderance of three cities located at important ports: Mago (Maó), Jammo (Ciutadella) and Sanisera (Sanitja).

Interesting early Christian basilicas were left behind from the end of the Roman era. The most notable are those of Son Bou and Fornás de Torelló, that has an interesting mosaic. These basilicas date from the 5th century A.D.